What Are the Benefits of Laser Haemorrhoidectomy?

Laser haemorrhoidectomy is the least invasive procedure that uses a beam of laser energy to remove the hemorrhoid from the body of the patient. It is used for treating serious haemorrhoids with minimal incision.

What are haemorrhoids?

Haemorrhoids are sometimes known as piles. They are swollen, bulging veins that develop both inside and outside the anus and rectum. They are uncomfortable, and can result in rectal bleeding. We are all born with haemorrhoids but when they become swollen and enlarged, they generate uncomfortable symptoms. By the age of 50, approximately half of all adults experience haemorrhoids. The signs and symptoms of haemorrhoids differ depending on the type. 

  • External haemorrhoids: The anus is surrounded by the bulging veins that develop beneath the skin. They sometimes bleed or are clogged with blood.

  • Internal haemorrhoids: The swollen veins develop within the rectum. Sometimes they may bleed, but they are usually painless.

Haemorrhoids can be treated in different ways, and the treatment is mostly determined by the severity and symptoms of the condition. Laser treatment may be preferable over traditional hemorrhoidectomy because of its shorter recovery period and less postoperative pain. 

How is Laser Haemorrhoidectomy performed?

The medical laser produces a beam by passing intense electrical currents through a sealed tube filled with various gases (CO2). The electrical current stimulates the CO2 until it emits a narrow beam of light. A red light is added to the beam to make it visible to the surgeon. The laser beam is then directed through a series of mirrors to a hand-piece that the surgeon uses to treat the haemorrhoids. Medical lasers for haemorrhoids have two settings. The first setting cuts the hemorrhoid with a narrow beam. In this case, the beam separates the hemorrhoid’s tissues without going all the way through the tissue. This is far gentler than surgical incision and does not harm the underlying structures. As the beam cuts, it also seals and coagulates. The vaporising setting is the second setting. This vaporises the hemorrhoid, leaving only a small, dry scar behind. Haemorrhoids can be totally treated using medical lasers without causing extensive tissue damage.

Benefits of Laser Haemorrhoidectomy

When it comes to treating piles, laser surgery has a number of advantages over other methods. They include:

  • Minimal pain and safer: Traditional surgery for piles is accompanied by a lot more pain, which the patient may have to endure even after the procedure is over. Laser cutting is typically less painful compared to incisions made using a scalpel. On the other hand, it is completely safe with a lower risk of infection.
  • Less Bleeding: Laser haemorrhoidectomy reduces blood flow, so other surgical complications are quite improbable. The tissues surrounding the hemorrhoid are unaffected by this procedure. The laser seals off the blood arteries in the anal area, resulting in minimal bleeding during the treatment.
  • Early discharge: The patient who undergoes laser hemorrhoid surgery does not have to spend the entire day in the hospital. In many cases, the patient is discharged from the hospital within an hour after the surgery. This also reduces the cost of hospitalisation.
  • Fast recovery: Conventional hemorrhoid surgery can cause discomfort and sensitivity for several weeks, and patients may not be able to return to their normal routine for a month, whereas patients who undergo laser hemorrhoidectomy can proceed with their regular routine with a minimum of two days of rest. Though a patient is allowed to return home within an hour of surgery, resting for a few hours is necessary for the patient to heal completely. In many cases, the healing time is much shorter. Patients can resume their normal routine after a couple of days of rest. They can see how soon the quality of their lives has improved after surgery.
  • Easy to conduct and with a high success rate: Performing laser surgery is way easier than conducting conventional hemorrhoid surgery. With an advanced laser device, the surgeon has much more control over the surgery. In most cases, the surgery takes about 45 minutes to an hour to complete. The procedure has also been proven to have a high success rate.
  • No tissue damage: The chances of damaging other tissues near the piles and in the spine muscles are quite low when the piles are removed with a laser instrument. If the spine muscles are damaged, it might cause faecal incontinence, making the condition even worse. With laser haemorrhoidectomy, this risk is eliminated.

Hence, the laser haemorrhoidectomy procedure is widely preferred in comparison to traditional haemorrhoid surgery. Postoperative pain is significantly less, allowing faster recovery, complete safety, and comfort. The success rate and surgical outcomes of the laser haemorrhoidectomy for piles are much better than traditional surgical procedures for haemorrhoid removal.