best urology hospital in bangalore

Acute Renal Failure Treatment in Bangalore

In acute renal failure, your kidneys are unable to remove extra salt, water, and waste elements from your blood. Your kidney’s primary function revolves on this process of elimination. When kidneys lose their capacity to filter waste, fluids in the body may increase to hazardous levels. Life-threatening electrolyte and waste material buildup may occur as a result of the disease. Acute kidney failure is not always permanent, Regal Hospital provides the best acute renal failure treatment in Bangalore.

Acute Kidney Failure – Types

Acute kidney failure may be categorised into three primary types, i.e. prerenal acute kidney injury, intrinsic acute renal injury and post-renal intrinsic renal injury.
  • Prerenal acute renal injury: As a result of a decreased blood supply to the kidney, pre-renal failure occurs. The nephron is not damaged directly. Pre-renal failure may also be caused by inflammation of the intestines or blood loss, drug-induced dilatation of the blood vessels, sepsis with active hypovolemia, decreased blood flow via the heart, anaphylaxis, crisis in Addisonian, syndrome of salt deficiency, enteropathy with protein loss, dehydration-induced changes in blood flow dynamics, and induction of kidney haemorrhage due to the by-products of vasoconstrictors, anaesthesia, stress, and surgery.
  • Intrinsic acute renal injury: The nephrons themselves are damaged over the course of the intrinsic renal injury. It may be complicated and may be a complication of a more serious condition. Acute tubular necrosis may be caused by the prerenal causes listed above (ATN). Other factors to consider include glomerulonephritis (acute post-streptococcal and others), microangiopathic states (hemolytic uremic syndrome, DIC, TTP), and vasculitis (polyarteritis nodosa, Lupus, Wegener’s granulomatosis).
  • Post-renal intrinsic renal injury: A stoppage in the urine flow generates back pressure on the kidney, leading to post-renal injury. Damage to nephrons, and urethral valves in the back may occur. Strictures of the urethra, also known as urethral strictures, clots obstructing the bladder (hemorrhagic cystitis) and urinary stone formation may also occur.

Symptoms of Acute Kidney Failure

Acute kidney failure may not show any signs on your part. You may be diagnosed with this illness via a routine lab test by your doctor.
In the event that you do have symptoms, they will depend on the severity of your kidney failure as well as on the cause of your kidney failure. Among the possible symptoms are:

Causes of Acute Renal Failure

Being elderly or suffering from any of the following long-term health issues increases your risk of developing acute kidney failure:
Acute kidney failure is highly common among patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a hospital. In addition, having had a bone marrow transplant, a heart operation or an abdominal surgery raises your chance of developing the disease.

Diagnosis of Acute Kidney Failure

Acute kidney failure may cause edema throughout the body. Swelling is caused by a buildup of fluid in the body. Your doctor may detect crackling in the lungs using a stethoscope. Fluid retention may be indicated by these noises.
Results from laboratory testing may also indicate aberrant values that are new and distinct from baseline levels. Included in this list are:
Diagnosing acute kidney failure requires an ultrasound scan, which is the recommended imaging technique. It’s possible, though, that a doctor may need to do further tests to identify whether or not you have a blocked urinary tract. Acute kidney failure may have many underlying reasons, and they can be discovered by certain types of blood testing.

Acute Kidney Failure Treatment

Acute kidney failure is treatable in the vast majority of instances if it is discovered early enough. Dialysis, medication, or dietary adjustments might all be part of the treatment plan.
  • Diet: You’ll be restricted in the quantity of salt and potassium you consume until your kidneys have fully recovered from their damage. This is because your kidneys eliminate both of these compounds from your body. Acute kidney failure cannot be reversed by altering your diet or lifestyle. As a result of your doctor’s treatment, your diet may be altered. You could be given fluids via an IV if you’re dehydrated, or a health concern like heart failure might be treated. A low-potassium diet requires you to limit your intake of potassium-rich foods such as bananas, spinach, oranges, potatoes and tomatoes. Apples, strawberries, grapes, and cauliflower are examples of low-potassium foods.
  • Medications: Medications that control the levels of phosphorus and potassium in your blood may be prescribed by your doctor. These toxins cannot be excreted from your body by your kidneys if they are failing. There is no cure for kidney failure, however medications may help alleviate some of the symptoms it causes.
  • Dialysis: Dialysis may be necessary if your kidneys are damaged to the point that they can no longer function properly. Dialysis does not aid in the healing of the kidneys; rather, it substitutes for the kidneys’ function until they can. Long-term kidney failure necessitates long-term dialysis.

Acute Kidney Failure Problems

Complications explained below may arise from acute kidney failure
  • Fluid accumulation: Fluid might build up in your body if you have acute kidney failure. Shortness of breath may be caused by an accumulation of fluid in the lungs.
  • A feeling of discomfort in the chest area: Chest discomfort may occur if the lining around your heart gets irritated.
  • Acidic blood (metabolic acidosis): You may have nausea, vomiting, sleepiness, and dyspnea if your blood acid levels are too high because of acute kidney failure.
  • A lack of strength in the muscles: Muscle weakness may occur if your body’s fluid and electrolyte levels are out of whack. Severe instances might result in paralysis and irregular heartbeats.
  • Permanent damage to the kidneys: Chronic kidney failure may develop from acute kidney failure, at which point your kidneys will cease to function totally or virtually completely. End-stage kidney disease is the medical term for this condition. If this occurs, you’ll either require a kidney transplant or be put on dialysis for the rest of your life.
  • Death: You may die if you suffer from acute kidney failure, which is characterised by a severe loss of kidney function.

Prevention of Acute Renal Failure

It’s possible to lessen your chances of developing acute kidney failure by adopting a few healthy practices, such as the following:
  • The use of over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers should be done with caution. You should read and follow the prescribed dosage guidelines on the packaging whether you are using NSAIDs like aspirin, ibuprofen, and naproxen or other OTC pain drugs like acetaminophen. The risk of acute kidney failure may rise if you overdose on certain medications.
  • Listen to your doctor’s instructions and do what they tell you to. Remember to follow your doctor’s instructions for treating and managing your illness if you have a greater risk of acute kidney failure due to preexisting kidney disease or another condition.
  • Take care of your health. Acute kidney failure may be prevented by regular exercise, a healthy diet, and minimal or no alcohol use.

1. What is acute kidney failure?
Diagnosing and treating this kind of kidney damage may be difficult because of the rapidity with which it develops. Those who are extremely unwell and in need of intensive care are most at risk of developing acute kidney failure while in the hospital. One of the most serious complications of acute kidney failure is death.
2. What is the leading cause of acute kidney failure?
It is most usual to suffer from acute tubular necrosis which causes acute kidney failure which is treated by keeping fluid and electrolyte balance, providing nourishment, and treating or preventing complications such as infection.
3. Can acute kidney failure be cured?
Urgent therapy is needed for patients with acute kidney failure. The good news is that acute kidney failure may typically be reversibly rehabilitated with appropriate medical treatment. Within many weeks to months of treating the underlying reason, the kidneys often begin to function normally again. Until then, dialysis is required.
4. How long can you live with acute kidney failure?
If untreated, acute failure may result in mortality within a few days to a few weeks. In patients with fast CKD progression who refuse therapy, life expectancy may be as low as a few years.
5. What colour is urine when your kidneys are failing?
When your kidneys are failing, your urine may be brown, red, or purple in colour.
6. What happens when your kidneys start shutting down?
Your body becomes bloated and toxic when your kidneys are no longer functioning at all. This is known as uremia. People's hands and feet might swell. Because your body functions best with clean blood, you'll feel run down and drained.
7. What is the main treatment goal of acute kidney failure?
kidney function must be preserved and optimised in order to reduce secondary organ damage as a result of AKI; electrolyte, acid-base, and mineral homeostasis must be corrected; and the effects of diminished kidney function must be managed.
8. What causes sudden acute kidney failure?
Failure of the kidneys may occur unexpectedly or as the result of long-term injury. kidney failure may be caused by a wide range of variables, such as high blood pressure and diabetes, as well as excessive dehydration and kidney damage.
9. What are the 3 types of acute kidney failure?
There are three basic forms of acute kidney failure or ARF (also known as acute kidney injury) based on the cause: prerenal, renal, and postrenal.
10. What are the 4 phases of acute kidney failure?
If you're suffering from acute kidney failure, you'll go through four distinct phases that are onset, oliguric-anuric, diuretic, and convalescent. What causes acute kidney failure and how severe it is determine whether or not a patient goes through all four stages and how long each stage lasts.